It’s been years since we last heard about O J Simpson; and now the media is covering other developments and issues regarding his conviction on the robbery case of 2008. Simpson’s lawyers have already submitted their appeal for a new trial to the Nevada Supreme Court. But a revision of said document is requested to […]
These days, it seems that shooting incidences are becoming more and more common. And it’s no longer surprising to hear that someone, young or old, went on a rampage or a shooting spree in a public place. Such is the case of the Henderson shooting incident which remains a mystery to this day. Let’s take […]
This is interesting news – is Nevada really allowing marijuana business? We all know that marijuana is a dangerous drug; and that it has long been abused by drug addicts all over the world. But if we keep our eyes and minds open, maybe we’ll find the legalization of marijuana beneficial after all. Marijuana has […]
Upon investigation of the local trees, we have resorted to utilizing evidence that has been left behind by all of our previous borer specimens due to us not being successful in catching or viewing any of them. This kind of evidence includes the following:
*Specific species of trees that were attacked
*Bore hole shape
*Bore hole size
*Bore coarseness and dust color
This kind of information will undoubtedly let us know which particular species of borer is attacking trees in the area. The trees that are the most highly affected include the following:
In addition, there were also a few landscape-style trees that were being attacked, though this was determined to be because they were not being irrigated effectively enough. On the other hand, those that were being effectively irrigated are experiencing one of two things: either not being attacked by borers at all or filling any open holes with sap, which is a perfect defense mechanism against these pests.
Whenever a tree is attacked, not only will they have visible borer holes in the trunk and branches that can lead to issues such as leaking sap and saw dust, but they can also cause the trees to have leaves that are either dying or are already dead. For example, in Juniper trees, these issues are often followed by boring galleries, which measure approximately two inches wide and are located underneath the bark, oftentimes along either the stem or the branch.
We have begun removing these trees with a tree grinder machine or if they are smaller in size, we use a top rated wood splitting axe to remove them faster.
BORER ATTACK PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
Borers typically seek to attack trees that are unhealthy. This means that the best means of prevention for this is to always make sure that your trees are as vigorous and healthy as possible. Even if a tree has already fallen victim to an attack, there are still ways to remedy the situation to prevent it from happening again.
The best way to keep a tree healthy and vigorous is to water it adequately and regularly. This can not only help to keep insects away, but it can also help to heal any wounds that a tree may have suffered. The most mature of trees can consume anywhere from 30-40 gallons of water every single day. If a tree is watered with a higher amount on a less frequent basis, especially in soils that are mostly clay, they will fare much better than if this process was undertaken with less water on a more frequent basis. Even worse is the fact that dryer soil conditions that can occur in the fall, winter, and early spring seasons can cause damage to the tree’s root system. This means that you should water trees every one to two weeks during the midday hours and when the outdoor temperature is greater than 45 degrees. In addition, consider using mulch to assist with the conservation of soil moisture.
On the other hand, if a tree has become too severely damaged thanks to borers, there will essentially be no way to save it’s life or make sure that it has enough water and energy to heal itself. The only option in this particular case would be completely removing the tree. However, if a tree is only slightly damaged, it may be potentially saved by utilizing various pruning methods, as well as disposing of the damaged wood correctly to ensure that it does not cause further damage to the tree.
In terms of pruning, this is something that should be kept at approximately less than 15% to 30% of the general leaf area of the tree in a single year. This is due to the fact that the tree is already stressed enough from the borer attacks, and pruning just adds extra pressure. It is also recommended that pruning be done in one of two instances: either after the first freeze or anytime during the winter season. When pruning has been completed, either store or dispose of the damaged wood properly in order to prevent further borer attacks.
One of the greatest regions in terms of activities such as biking, horseback riding, and hiking is Carson Valley, which is located in the state of Nevada. Whether you’re new to these kinds of activities or you’re more than experienced at them, Carson Valley contains many trails, which also allow for opportunities to hike along the Carson River all the way up to Sierra Nevada alpine trails that measure upwards of thousands of feet.
If you are new to hiking, consider taking advantage of the following trails, which measure approximately two to three miles long:
*Hot Springs Mountain
If you are a more experienced hiker, then you may wish to trek these trails, which measure approximately seven to ten miles long:
*Burnside Lake to Charity Valley
*Horse Thief Canyon to Willow Creek
More strenuous hiking trails include the Five Lakes Trek, Mount Ralston Peak, and Job’s Peak, while any hiker – experienced or otherwise – can take full advantage of walking along the Tahoe Rim Trail, which measures an amazing 165 miles long. It would be of extreme importance to take the proper gear for these trips, including water, first aid kits and the proper walking footwear.
Furthermore, every Saturday around the time of the summer solstice, various hiking events such as the Rachel Carson Trail Challenge are held, which is a 34-mile hike that lasts for a single day. Hikers across the entire country consider this event to be a “badge of honor” of sorts. This is a pretty long day and many participants choose very strong sandals for hiking to complete their journey.
In addition to hiking, there are also various cycling opportunities that individuals can take advantage of in Carson Valley. For instance, you may choose to take part in a 100-mile ride such as the Carson Valley Century, which contains thousands of feet of climbing. You can also engage in loop rides in areas such as the East Valley Road to the Emigrant Trail/Diamond Valley training road. Also included is the Lemond Loop, which measures approximately 85 miles long and also contains thousands of feet of climbing. It’s also been described as a challenge to even the most experienced of cyclists.
If you’re more of a mountain biker, you will be able to take advantage of many trails around Carson Valley, including the loop from Spooner Summit to Mariette Lake and Incline Village, which goes around the eastern ridge of Lake Tahoe, as well as the Pine Nut Mountains and the Carson River and V&T railroad line. If a challenge of endurance is what you’re looking for, then consider taking on McClellan Peak, which measures approximately 13 miles.
Horseback riding is also a great pastime to take on in Carson Valley and traditionally goes back approximately 150 years. Carson Valley contains many various equestrian trails, and riding can range from simple trail rides to rides that last around a week or longer, which will allow you to engage in horse camping. Various other riding trails include the following:
*Tahoe to Yosemite Trail
*Pine Nut Mountains
*Tahoe Rim Trail
*Pacific Crest Trail
When it comes to horseback riding, obviously your horse will need to be properly nourished, and Sheep Camp provides the best in grazing and drinking water, as do other various small valleys in the immediate area. In addition, you can take advantage of the many different horse stables in the following locations, which also provide services such as riding lessons and other trail riding activities:
If you wish to camp out, you may do so for free on any BLM land. Be careful not to accidentally trespass on any private property; however, you will be able to clearly see postings of where these areas are.
When engaging in horseback riding, it’s highly recommended that you bring along a GPS in order to prevent getting yourself lost.
In the past, mentioning air guns would automatically make you conjure images of children roaming the neighborhood with their Daisy Red Riders and terrified stray cats running for their lives. Air guns, in those days, were nothing more than toys. These guns were not considered dangerous and could only manage to hurt the victim if the shooting took place from a very short range, and the person with the rifle managed to shoot the eye or another sensitive area of the body.
More powerful air guns were also available but their cost and the dangers associated with them usually kept them out of the reach of youngsters. Presently, there is a wide range of powerful air guns available at very reasonable prices. These rifles are available in a variety of power levels. The air gun operates in one of four ways in order to shoot the pellet out of the barrel.
The most widely sold version of the air gun, which is easily available at any departmental store, is the multi-pump pneumatics. These guns are made of plastic and metal and are able to shoot out pellets up to 650 fps. The rifle has pumps that pressurize the internal chamber holding the air. When the trigger is pulled, the pressurized air is released. It forces the pellet into the barrel, then out of the gun. These multi-pump rifles are usually the first choice of young shooters. It must, however, be kept in mind that these guns are also very dangerous and should be supervised by an adult.
Another powerful air rifle is the CO2 powered one. These guns are very simple in design. They offer a great combination of power, cost and accuracy. A tiny CO2 air tank is inserted into the gun and sealed. After the sealing screws are tightened, they puncture a tiny hole in the neck of the tank. This releases the pressurized CO2 inside the gun. Once the trigger is pulled, a small amount of this gas is released which forces the pellet into the barrel. The arrangement is extremely simple and offers an affordable form of air gunning experience.
Another one of the most powerful air guns is the break barrel springer. In these kinds of guns the receiver and the barrel are mated together. This allows the user to break the barrel in order to cock the gun. The action resembles the loading of a shotgun. There is a cocking arm attached to the barrel. When the barrel breaks and is pulled in the direction of the stock, the cocking arm compresses a spring inside the receiver. When the spring is compressed and cocked, the pellet is loaded into its port. The barrel returns to its normal position and the rifle becomes ready to fire. When the user pulls the trigger, the coiled spring is released and uncompressed pushing the piston forward which compresses the air inside the receiver. From there it is forced down the barrel, shooting the pellet outward.
These air guns are extremely powerful and can, in certain circumstances, rival a regular gun. They can also kill small animals within a range of 60 yards. These guns are not within the realm of youngsters, and should only be allowed under constant adult supervision.
The PCP or the Precharged Pneumatic Air Rifle is the high-end of air gun power. It is the most powerful and accurate air gun currently available. These guns are also very dangerous and should only be handled by mature and experienced people.
As per the laws applicable in Nevada, people can buy and keep air rifles. If your local vendor refuses you to sell an air rifle, you may tell him that it is against federal regulations to impose these restrictions.